What will happen to Pakistan and China if India becomes a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?
As of now, there are 15 members on the UNSC. Five of those (mostly powers who emerged victorious in the World War II), including the US, UK, France, China and Russia are permanent members. These members have the all-important veto power (essentially a negative vote) which would mean that a “resolution or decision would not be approved”.
It is unacceptable that India, with a population of 1.3 billion, a $3 trillion economy, the third largest country in terms of purchasing power parity, a nuclear weapons power with the third largest standing army in the world, and a major contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping missions, is not a member of the UNSC—that too when economically and morally exhausted nations like France and UK remain on the council.
India’s new government has taken up the issue not only in the General Assembly, but also at summit-level interactions with the U.S. and China. After Modi’s White House meetings in September, President Barack Obama expressed his appreciation for India’s role in peacekeeping operations for the last 60 years and reiterated his backing for a reformed UNSC with India as a permanent member. In the past, France, UK, and Russia have also supported India’s claims to permanent membership. But the verbal support has so far not translated into any action.
In fact, whether India should seek membership is a matter of debate within the country. Former colonial powers are not going to allow a change, nor will China allow other Asian countries, particularly Japan, to enter. But there is also the view that though India may not gain much from becoming a part of an archaic organisation, the world needs an expanded UNSC that includes countries like India to influence the very ethos of the council.
At a time when faster growing economies, more youthful populations, and the concentration of natural resources are mainly in the developing world, as are problems like the dispersion of capacity to build weapons of mass destruction, a reform of global political management systems to respond to crises and violence—such as the chaos in West Asia—is even more imperative.
India will have access to use veto on a resolution:
Under Article 27 of the UN Charter, Security Council decisions on all substantive matters require the affirmative votes of nine members. A negative vote, or veto, also known as the rule of “great power unanimity”, by a permanent member prevents adoption of a proposal, even if it has received the required number of affirmative votes (9)
Since the Security Council’s inception, China (ROC/PRC) has used its veto 6 times; France 18 times; Russia/USSR 123 times; the United Kingdom 32 times; and the United States 82 times. The majority of Russian/Soviet vetoes were in the first ten years of the Council’s existence. Since 1984, China and France have vetoed three resolutions each; Russia/USSR four; the United Kingdom ten; and the United States 43.
- Chinese will get sidelined as USA, UK, France will be on Indian side while Russian to stay Neutral on Indo-China matters.
- Roads for India joining NSG gets a booster & Putting Pakistan in FATF blacklist will be easier.
- With Indian veto, being the largest Democracy in the world make it a sensible & vital state in the world & offers a prestigious position.
- Rise in Soft & hard power of India is evident.
- Many countries will bow down to India to support their case in UNSC , it will be funny to believe if Nepal requests India to consider Kalapani issue under UN dispute resolution.
- Pakistan will have to take assent from India to discuss Kashmir in UNSC meeting which hey would hesitant to pursue with.
- Kashmir Issue will be out of agenda from UNSC resolution by making it completely bilateral.
- So, Pakistanis will have to focus more on protecting Gigilt-Baltistan & POK than occupying Indian J&K. Deleting Kashmir agenda from UN matter means there is no arbitrator which clarifies Pakistan illegally occupying Indian Land & Indian retaliation to take back its territory is obvious.
- We could see a new alliance in dealing Counter-terror & strategic military engagements among USA,INDIA & ISRAEL where USA would allow Israel to provide state of the art technologies to India to counter Chinese aggression on Himalayas & Indian ocean.